Measures and References: Auditory Processing

Return to Auditory Processing factor page.


Numerous measures exist to gain a full picture of a student's learning strengths and challenges. Following are examples of measures used to assess this Learner Factor. These measures should be administered and interpreted by experienced professionals.

Test of Auditory Processing Skills (Martin & Brownell, 2005): Assesses Auditory Processing skills including auditory attention, auditory memory, and phonological skills for students four to 18 years old.


Heine, C., & Slone, M. (2008). The impact of mild central auditory processing disorder on school performance during adolescence. Journal of School Health, 78(7), 405-407.

Krizman, J., Bradlow, A. R., Lam, S. S. Y., & Kraus, N. (2017). How bilinguals listen in noise: Linguistic and non-linguistic factors. Bilingualism, 20(4), 834-843.

Krizman, J., Tierney, A., Fitzroy, A. B., Skoe, E., & Kraus, N. (2016). Continued maturation of auditory brainstem function during adolescence : A longitudinal approach. Clinical Neurophysiology, 126(12), 2348-2355.

Martin, N., & Brownell, R. (2005). Test of Auditory Processing Skills. Novato, CA: Academic Therapy Publications.

Murphy, C. F. B., Pontes, F., Stivanin, L., Picoli, E., & Schochat, E. (2012). Auditory processing in children and adolescents in situations of risk and vulnerability [Processamento auditivo em crianças e adolescentes em situaçao de risco e vulnerabilidade]. Sao Paulo Medical Journal, 130(3), 151-158.

Poldrack, R. A., Temple, E., Protopapas, A., Nagarajan, S., Tallal, P., Merzenich, M., & Gabrieli, J. D. (2001). Relations between the neural bases of dynamic auditory processing and phonological processing: Evidence from fMRI. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 13(5), 687-697.

Shinn-Cunningham, B. G. (2008). Object-based auditory and visual attention. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 12(5), 182-186.

Zatorre, R. J., & Belin, P. (2001). Spectral and temporal processing in human auditory cortex. Cerebral Cortex, 11(10), 946-953.