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Math 3-6

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Math 3-6 > Factors

Math 3-6

Hover over the factors below to see their connections to each other. Then click to learn how each affects math outcomes and to explore relevant strategies.

Factors

Math 3-6

Students represent math concepts and numbers in a flexible and abstract manner.

Students can work with number combinations using different strategies to build a network of connections between numbers.

Students’ Math Flexibility—the ability to shift between representations of numbers and between problem-solving strategies—supports a deeper understanding of mathematical concepts and procedures.

  • Allowing students to try problems on their own and then discussing strategies can help them compare and choose one problem-solving strategy over another.

Planning, communicating, and reflecting about math helps build a deeper understanding.

As math becomes more complex, students need to increasingly talk and think through their process when working on problems.

  • Metacognition develops through childhood, allowing students to use prior knowledge to make predictions, plan, monitor, and adjust their problem-solving strategies.

Math Communication can also support these metacognitive processes.

  • Talking through their thinking by themselves allows students to better reason and reflect on their steps, while communicating with teachers and peers to justify their process encourages collaboration along with a deeper understanding of the content.

Students’ mindset around math relies on connecting to the work.

Students’ positive Math Mindset can increase their engagement with math learning and help them see math as meaningful.

Increasing students’ feelings of confidence in their ability to do math can also support their Self-regulation as they set more challenging goals for themselves.

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Planning, communicating, and reflecting about math helps build a deeper understanding.

View Theme 2

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Students’ mindset around math relies on connecting to the work.

View Theme 3

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Students represent math concepts and numbers in a flexible and abstract manner.

View Theme 1