Math 3-6

Math 3-6

Understanding the factors that impact math and how they interact can help you build tools and lessons to help all learners become successful mathematicians.


Our Learner Factors

See how these critical variables that impact learning success connect to create a whole picture of each learner. Then explore these connections to design tools and lessons that increase supports for learner variability.

Explore Factors


Strategies for Learning

You have a wide variety of learners, and we can help you support them. Explore our extensive collection of research-based strategies, learn which Factors each supports, and get inspired by examples of the strategies in products and lessons.

Explore Strategies


The goal of upper elementary math is for students to continue to make deeper connections among mathematical concepts while forming their identities as confident math learners. Each learner builds their skills, including Algebraic Thinking and Proportional Reasoning, as well as their bank of strategies to employ using Mathematical Flexibility and Metacognition. Students’ Math Mindset, supported by a positive Math Learning Environment, helps them persist to become successful mathematicians.

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How Do Students Become Successful Mathematicians?

The goal is for students to make deeper connections among mathematical concepts and to see the world mathematically.

  • With a foundational Number Sense in place, students can develop the tools needed to make sense of math problems and persist in solving them.
  • They will learn to recruit Mathematical Flexibility to represent these concepts and number networks, and see how math can be used to model the world around them.
  • Students’ Metacognition allows them to plan and utilize higher-order thinking to generalize and reason about relationships and patterns.
  • Students’ Math Mindset, supported by a positive Math Learning Environment, can increase their engagement with math learning and help them to see math as meaningful.

This overview is an introduction to this Model. Each LVP Learner Model is a research-driven, holistic representation of all of the critical variables, what we call the Learner Factors, that affect how learners learn. These Factors are the foundation of learner diversity. Scroll up to explore all of the Factors in this model.

To create these Models, we follow a systematic methodology led by our expert LVP researchers. The process is also overseen by an advisory committee of leading content area and learning sciences experts.

Advisory Board for Math 3-6

The following leading researchers supported the development of our Math 3-6 Model and are a source of continued suggestions for improvement.

  • Maria Blanton, Ph.D., Senior Scientist, TERC
  • Susan Empson, Ph.D., Professor of Learning, Teaching & Curriculum, University of Missouri
  • Gerardo Ramirez, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Educational Psychology, Ball State University
  • Bethany Rittle-Johnson, Ph.D., Professor of Psychology & Human Development, Vanderbilt University
  • Jeremy Roschelle, Ph.D., Executive Director of Learning Sciences Research, Digital Promise Global