Math 3-6

Systems Change
Math 3-6 > Strategies > Self-monitoring



When students monitor their comprehension, behavior, or use of strategies, they build their Metacognition. Teaching students to self-assess based on clearly set goals helps develop their Self-regulation, and having them self-record their progress, adjustments, and performance also allows them to see their growth over time.

Use It in the Classroom

Watch how this teacher defines self-monitoring and encourages her students to self-monitor their performance individually and in a group, which can be applied in a math classroom. By setting clear goals, providing rubrics to compare against, and shifting the responsibility of reflection to the students, she fosters student agency and accountability in their own learning.

  • Practicing thinking about their progress in relation to a goal helps students pay more Attention and apply the strategies they have learned for math. Using a rubric or exemplar problem to check against can be a support for students as they learn how to self-monitor during problem solving. Students can also monitor their behavior through the use of behavior checklists or charts.
  • Design It into Your Product

    Videos are chosen as examples of strategies in action. These choices are not endorsements of the products or evidence of use of research to develop the feature.

    Learn how this prototype self-monitoring app prompts students to rate their behavior at regular intervals. By tracking their progress, students independently self-monitor how successful they are in reaching their goals. Over time and through repeated use, these strategies can become part of students' Long-term Memory and support their Emotion regulation.

  • Developers can create prompts and questions such as "Did I complete every step to solve the problem?" or "Does the answer make sense? ?" to encourage self-monitoring and build math skills. This can be helpful in scaffolding students to the eventual goal of self-monitoring independently.