References: Brief Instruction Steps

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American Psychological Association, Coalition for Psychology in Schools and Education. (2015). Top 20 principles from psychology for preK-12 teaching and learning. Retrieved from http://

Alloway, T.P. (2006). How does working memory work in the classroom? Educational Research and Reviews, 1(4), 134-139.

Gavalcova, T. (2008). On strategies contributing to active learning. Teaching Mathematics and Its Applications: An International Journal of the IMA, 27(3), 116-122.

Moonsamy, S. (2015). Metacognition: A tool for a strategic-thinking teacher when mediating in the classroom. In E. Walton & S. Moonsamy (Eds.), Making education inclusive (pp. 113-129). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.

Mustafa, K. O. C. (2005). Individual learner differences in web-based learning environments: From cognitive, affective and social-cultural perspectives. Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education, 6(4).

Rock, M. L., & Thead, B. K. (2009). Promote student success during independent seatwork. Intervention in School and Clinic, 44(3), 179-184.

Rosenshine, B. (2012). Principles of instruction: Research-based strategies that all teachers should know. American Educator, 36(1), 12-19, 39.

Willis, J. (2006). Research-based strategies to ignite student learning. Alexandria, VA: ASCD.