References: Direct Instruction: Problem-solving Strategies

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Carpenter, T. P., Fennema, E., Franke, M. L., Levi, L., & Empson, S. B. (1999). Children's mathematics: Cognitively guided instruction. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann_._

Durkin, K., Star, J. R., & Rittle-Johnson, B. (2017). Using comparison of multiple strategies in the mathematics classroom: Lessons learned and next steps. ZDM, 49(4), 585-597.

Florida Department of Education. (2010). Classroom cognitive and meta-cognitive strategies for teachers: Research-based strategies for problem-solving in mathematics K-12. Tallahassee, FL: Bureau of Exceptional Education and Student Services, Florida Department of Education.

Gartmann, S., & Freiberg, M. (1995). Metacognition and mathematical problem solving: Helping students to ask the right questions. The Mathematics Educator, 6(1), 9-13.

Isaacs, A., & Carroll, W. (1999). Strategies for basic fact instruction. _Teaching Children Mathematics, 5(_9), 508-515.

Jayanthi, M., Gersten, R., Baker, S. (2008). Mathematics instruction for students with learning disabilities or difficulty learning mathematics: A guide for teachers. Portsmouth, NH: RMC Research Corporation, Center on Instruction.

Kapur, M. (2014). Productive failure in learning math. Cognitive Science, 38(5), 1008-1022.

Rittle-Johnson, B., & Star, J. R. (2007). Does comparing solution methods facilitate conceptual and procedural knowledge? An experimental study on learning to solve equations. Journal of Educational Psychology, 99(3), 561-574.

Star, J. R., Caronongan, P., Foegen, A., Furgeson, J., Keating, B., Larson, M. R., Lyskawa, J., McCallum, W. G., Porath, J., & Zbiek, R. M. (2015). Teaching strategies for improving algebra knowledge in middle and high school students. Washington, DC: National Center for Education Evaluation and Regional Assistance (NCEE).

Xin, Y. P., Jitendra, A. K., & Deatline-Buchman, A. (2005). Effects of mathematical word problem-solving instruction on middle school students with learning problems. The Journal of Special Education, 39(3), 181-192.