References: Graphic Organizer

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Alvermann, D. E. (2002). Effective literacy instruction for adolescents. Journal of Literacy Research, 34(2), 189-208.

Kamil, M. L., Borman, G. D., Dole, J., Kral, C. C., Salinger, T., and Torgesen, J. (2008). Improving adolescent literacy: Effective classroom and intervention practices: A Practice Guide (NCEE #2008-4027). Washington, DC: National Center for Education Evaluation and Regional Assistance, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education.

Luckner, J., Bowen, S., & Carter, K. (2001). Visual teaching strategies for students who are deaf or hard of hearing. Teaching Exceptional Children, 33(3), 38-44.

Marietta City Schools. (2012). Cognitive functioning and psychological processing definitions: Areas of impact, and recommended strategies/accommodations. Retrieved from

Willis, J. (2006). Research-based strategies to ignite student learning. Alexandria, VA: ASCD.