Measures and References: Literacy Environment

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Numerous measures exist to gain a full picture of a student's learning strengths and challenges. Following are examples of measures used to assess this Learner Factor. These measures should be administered and interpreted by experienced professionals.

The Classroom Literacy Environmental Profile (CLEP) (Wolfersberger et al., 2004): Assesses the richness of the Literacy Environment in first to sixth grade classrooms

The Author Recognition Test (ART) (Stanovich & West, 1989): Measures print exposure by presenting students with a list of true authors and foils and asking them to indicate which ones they know


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Stanovich, K. E., & West, R. F. (1989). Exposure to print and orthographic processing. Reading Research Quarterly, 45(4), 402-433.

Wiederholt, J. L., & Blalock, G. (2000). Gray Silent Reading Test. Austin, TX: PRO-ED.

Wigfield, A. & Guthrie, J.T. (1997). Relations of children's motivation for reading to the amount and breadth of their reading. Journal of Educational Psychology, 89, 420-432.

Wolfersberger, M.E., Reutzel, D.R., Sudweeks, R. & Fawson, P.C. (2004). Developing and validating the classroom environmental profile (CLEP): A tool for examining the 'print richness' of early childhood and elementary classrooms. Journal of Literacy Research, 36(2), 211-272.

Wood, C., Jackson, E., Hart, L., Plester, B., & Wilde, L. (2011). The effect of text messaging on 9‐and 10‐year‐old children's reading, spelling and phonological processing skills. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 27(1), 28-36.