Measures and References: Literacy Environment

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Numerous measures exist to gain a full picture of a student's learning strengths and challenges. Following are examples of measures used to assess this Learner Factor. These measures should be administered and interpreted by experienced professionals.

Home Literary Environment Survey (Kubis, 1996): Student self-report of their access to books and other reading materials and the literary practices in their home

The Author Recognition Test (ART) (Stanovich & West, 1989): Measures print exposure by presenting students with a list of true authors and foils and asking them to indicate which ones they know


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Frederickson N., Frith U. & Reason R. (1997) Phonological Assessment Battery. NFER Nelson, London, UK.

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Guthrie, J. T., Wigfield, A., Metsala, J. L., & Cox, K. E. (1999). Motivational and cognitive predictors of text comprehension and reading amount. Scientific Studies of Reading, 3(3), 231-256.

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Kubis, M. (1996). The relationship between home literary environments and attitudes toward reading in ninth-graders. ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED, 385, 822.

Masland, L. C., & Lease, A. M. (2016). Characteristics of academically-influential children: achievement motivation and social status. Social Psychology of Education, 19(1), 195-215.

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