References: Sentence Frames

Return to Sentence Frames strategy page.


Buffington, P., Knight, T., & Tierney-Fife, P. (2017). Supporting mathematics discourse with sentence starters & sentence frames. Education Development Center. Retrieved from

Coleman, R., & Goldenberg, C. (2009). What does research say about effective practices for English learners? Introduction and part I: Oral language proficiency. Kappa Delta Pi Record, 46(1), 10-16.

Hill, J., & Miller, K. (2013). Classroom instruction that works with English language learners. Alexandria, VA: ASCD.

National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. (2018). English learners in STEM subjects: Transforming classrooms, schools, and lives. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

Wong L.W., & Snow, C.E. (2000). What teachers need to know about language (Contract No. ED-99-CO-0008). Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education's Office of Educational Research and Improvement, Center for Applied Linguistics.