References: Wait Time

Return to Wait Time strategy page.


Cazden, C. B., & Beck, S. W. (2003). Classroom discourse. In A Graesser, M.A. Gernsbacher, & S.R. Goldman (Eds.) Handbook of discourse processes (pp. 165-197). London: Routledge.

Cotton, K. (1988). Classroom questioning. School Improvement Research Series, 5, 1-22.

Goldenberg, C. (2008). Teaching English language learners: What the research does-and does not-say. ESED 5234 - Master List. 27.

Skinner, C. H., Fletcher, P. A., & Henington, C. (1996). Increasing learning rates by increasing student response rates: A summary of research. School Psychology Quarterly, 11(4), 313.

Stahl, R. J. (1994). Using "think-time" and "wait-time" skillfully in the classroom. ERIC Digest. Retrieved from ERIC Database. (ED370885)

Verplaetse, L. S. (1998). How content teachers interact with English language learners. TESOL journal, 7(5), 24-28.