**Return to Writing to Learn Math strategy page.**

Bangert-Drowns, R. L., Hurley, M. M., & Wilkinson, B. (2004). The effects of school-based writing-to-learn interventions on academic achievement: A meta-analysis. *Review of Educational Research, 74*(1), 29-58.

Casa, T.M., Evans, K., Firmender, J.M. & Colonnese, M.W. (2017). Why should students write in math class? *Literacy in Every Classroom, 74*(5).

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Davison, D., & Pearce, D. (1988). Using writing activities to reinforce mathematics instruction. *The Arithmetic Teacher, 35*(8), 42-45.

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Miller, L. D. (1991). Writing to learn mathematics. *The Mathematics Teacher, 84*(7), 516-521.

Nahrgang, C., & Petersen, B. (1986). Using writing to learn mathematics. *The Mathematics Teacher, 79*(6), 461-465.

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Porter, M. K., & Masingila, J. O. (2000). Examining the effects of writing on conceptual and procedural knowledge in calculus. *Educational Studies in Mathematics, 42*(2), 165-177.

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Pugalee, D. K. (2001). Writing, mathematics, and metacognition: Looking for connections through students' work in mathematical problem solving._ School Science and Mathematics, 101_(5), 236-245.

Quinn, R. J., & Wilson, M. M. (1997). Writing in the mathematics classroom: Teacher beliefs and practices. *The Clearing House, 71*(1), 14-20.

Schmidt, D. (1985). Writing in math class. In A.R. Gere (Ed.) *Roots in the sawdust: Writing to learn across the disciplines* (pp. 104-116). Urbana, Ill.: National Council of Teachers of English.

Shield, M., & Galbraith, P. (1998). The analysis of student expository writing in mathematics. *Educational Studies in Mathematics, 36*(1), 29-52.

Teuscher, D., Kulinna, P. H., & Crooker, C. (2016). Writing to learn mathematics: An update. *The Mathematics Educator, 24*(2).

Toumasis, C. (1990). Peer teaching in mathematics classrooms: A case study._ For the Learning of Mathematics, 10_(2), 31-36.