Math 7-9

Systems Change
Math 7-9 > Factors > Inhibition

Factor Connections

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Inhibition, a component of executive functioning, is the ability to suppress attention to irrelevant input and to focus on pertinent stimuli or information. Students use these skills to successfully pay attention to lessons and problems. Inhibition is essential for Self-Regulation, allowing students to monitor and suppress inappropriate tendencies and behaviors. By helping students control both their focus and their behavior, Inhibition affects the development of math skills and allows students to move away from strategies that are not effective to support math success.

Main Ideas

Inhibition occurs at two levels:

  • The cognitive level, where Attention is focused on relevant information; and
  • The behavioral level, where responses are controlled.

While the executive functions Inhibition and Working Memory are very much related processes and show similar developmental trajectories in childhood, they become more distinct processes during adolescence.

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