Math 7-9

Systems Change
Math 7-9 > Strategies > Brief Instruction Steps

Brief Instruction Steps


Content that is provided in clear, short chunks can support students' Working Memory. Simple, sequential oral instructions can be complemented with visual cues to further support Working Memory.

Use It in the Classroom

Watch how this math teacher delivers her instructions by chunking and using a mnemonic device. She also checks for understanding and records the steps on the board.

  • Breaking up instructions into short, concrete steps allow learners to pay Attention to and remember one instruction at a time. When there are multiple steps, providing written or visual instructions for learners to refer back to is helpful in supporting their Working Memory and Speed of Processing.
  • Design It into Your Product

  • For a developer, it is important to provide concise steps for learners to follow. Combining audio and picture instructions can facilitate the use of both the visual and auditory channels of Working Memory to increase the likelihood of learners carrying out all the instructions.
  • Factors Supported by this Strategy