Math 7-9

Systems Change
Math 7-9 > Strategies > Reciprocal Teaching

Reciprocal Teaching


Students deepen their understanding and gain confidence in their learning when they explain to and receive feedback from others. Research has shown that students can develop their math skills and their Social Awareness & Relationship Skills by taking on the roles of coach and player as they explore math concepts and problems with a partner.

Use It in the Classroom

Watch how this teacher demonstrates reciprocal teaching with a math equation. By following a structured process, students can discuss their mathematical thinking, supporting increased Mathematical Flexibility and Math Communication.

  • Teachers can provide structured stages with specific steps to support comprehending and solving math word problems, such as predicting, clarifying, questioning, visualising, connecting, calculating and summarizing. Working with a partner through these stages also offers support for a student's Speed of Processing and Working Memory and developing mathematical vocabulary and reading comprehension.
  • Design It into Your Product

  • Digital tools can provide more reciprocal teachers and learners for students beyond their classroom walls. Digital products can also provide tools for helping students learn how to generate strong questions and to reflect on their experiences, which can help develop Metacognition.
  • Factors Supported by this Strategy