When students explain their thinking process aloud with guidance in response to questions or prompts, they recognize the strategies they use and solidify their understanding. Think-alouds, sometimes called reflective questioning, require students to reflect on the details of a problem, the steps needed to solve it, and the mathematical reasoning behind those decisions. They can also be used as formative assessment to monitor students' understanding and address any misconceptions. Research cautions that this strategy is most effective when students are prompted with specific protocols or questions, and that prompts should be carefully aligned with target learning outcomes so students avoid reinforcing incorrect approaches or choices.
Watch how this teacher models using a think-aloud to solve an algebraic problem. As she verbalizes her thinking, she incorporates mathematical vocabulary while walking through her problem-solving process.
Videos are chosen as examples of strategies in action. These choices are not endorsements of the products or evidence of use of research to develop the feature.
Starting at 1:26, learn how digital portfolios like Seesaw allow students to take photos of their math work and voice record their thinking.