Hover to see how Factors connect to Print Awareness. Then click connected Factors to explore strategies related to multiple Factors.
Print Awareness is the understanding that print on a page has meaning and different functions, something that, as experienced readers, we have likely forgotten we ever had to learn. Supporting Print Awareness helps beginning readers with this critical tool for understanding all text.
Print Awareness includes understanding that text represents spoken language, that words and letters are distinguishable, and that letters can be upper- or lower-case. It also includes recognizing punctuation units and using alphabet knowledge.
Students who have print awareness:
Daily review strengthens previous learning and can lead to fluent recall.
With this interactive technique, teachers help students become storytellers by listening and questioning.
When teachers provide explicit instruction in comprehension strategies and model when to use them, students learn how to flexibly apply them to make meaning of texts.
In guided inquiry, teachers help students use their own language for constructing knowledge by active listening and questioning.
Spending time with new content helps move concepts and ideas into Long-term Memory.
Independent reading promotes reading development by emphasizing student choice with teacher support in selecting books, as well as by making time for free reading.
Practicing until achieving several error-free attempts is critical for retention.
Literacy centers with reading games, manipulatives, and activities support learner interests and promote the development of more complex reading skills and social interactions.
By talking through their thinking at each step of a process, teachers can model what learning looks like.
Reading aloud allows students to hear and practice reading and fluency skills.
Reading aloud regularly exposes students to new and familiar vocabulary and texts.
Reading aloud books about skills children are learning provides another model for their development.
Students build their confidence and skills by reading and rereading books.
Books for vision differences support reading development for learners with visual needs.
Books of varying complexity and reading levels are necessary for all students to experience reading success.
Multicultural and diverse books are critical for supporting all students.
With rhyming and creative word use, poetry is a genre that supports the development of early literacy skills in particular.
Students who have had little exposure to the school's language can benefit from having books in their Primary Language in their classroom.
Books with SEL topics, such as developing friendships and identifying emotions, help teach these skills.
Transforming written text into audio activates different parts of the brain to support learning.
When students explain their thinking process aloud, they recognize the strategies they use and solidify their understanding.
Visual supports, like text magnification, colored overlays, and guided reading strips, help students focus and properly track as they read.
Students with strong early literacy skills benefit from a literacy-rich approach.
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