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Arroyo, A. T. (2014). A composite theoretical model showing potential hidden costs of online distance learning education at historically black colleges and universities: With implications for building cost-resistant courses and programs. Online Journal of Distance Learning Administration, 17(1).
Baker, R., Dee, T., Evans, B., & John, J. (2018). Bias in online classes: Evidence from a field experiment._ Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research_, 1-45.
Barnette, J. (2018). Instructor presence in online education: An analysis of student perceptions and performance. [Doctoral dissertation Indiana University].
Ekmekci, O. (2013). Being there: Establishing instructor presence in an online learning environment. Higher Education Studies, 3(1), 29-38.
Henrikson, R. (2019). Using online lectures to promote engagement: Recognising the self-directed Learner as critical for practical inquiry. Journal of Open, Flexible and Distance Learning, 23(1), 17-32
Hew, K. F. (2016). Promoting engagement in online courses: What strategies can we learn from three highly rated MOOCS?. British Journal of Educational Technology, 47(2), 320-341.
Hewett, S., Becker, K., & Bish, A. (2019). Blended workplace learning: The value of human interaction. Education Training, 61(1), 2-16.
Irani, S. & Denaro, K. (2020). Incorporating active learning strategies and instructor presence into an online discrete mathematics class. Proceedings of the 51st ACM Technical Symposium on Computer Science Education. 1186-1192.
Lowenthal, P., Dunlap, J. & Snelson, C. (2017). Live synchronous web meetings in asynchronous online courses: Reconceptualizing virtual office hours. Online Learning Journal, 21(4).
Park, C. & Kim, D-G. (2020). Perception of instructor presence and its effects on learning experience in online classes. Journal of Information Technology Education, 19, 475-488.
Poll, K., Widen, J., & Weller, S. (2014). Six instructional best practices for online engagement and retention. Journal of Online Doctoral Education, 1(1), 56-72.
Wang, J. & Antonenko, P. (2017). Instructor presence in instructional video: Effects on visual attention, recall, and perceived learning. Computers in Human Behavior, 71, 79-89.
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