Measures and References: Reading Fluency

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Numerous measures exist to gain a full picture of a student's learning strengths and challenges. Following are examples of measures used to assess this Learner Factor. These measures should be administered and interpreted by experienced professionals.

Multidimensional Fluency Scale (Zutell & Rasinski, 1991): Students read aloud a carefully chosen passage and are rated using a rubric assessing the elements of prosody.

CMB/ORF Reading Fluency Assessment (Rasinski, 2004): Students read aloud three selected passages and are assessed based on accuracy and reading rate.


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