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Reading Fluency refers to the foundational literacy skills, including word decoding, that are necessary for reading comprehension. Morphological Knowledge, Orthographic Processing, Phonological Processing, and understanding of Syntax all contribute to Reading Fluency. These skills are believed to reach their developmental peak during later elementary school and are not typically taught explicitly in middle and high school. Reading Fluency has been shown to predict reading comprehension in middle and high school. Those adolescents who have difficulty with Reading Fluency are likely to struggle with disciplinary content reading in one or more areas.
Three components are considered when assessing adolescent oral and silent Reading Fluency: