Hover to see how factors connect to Reading Fluency. Then click connected factors to explore strategies related to multiple factors.
Reading Fluency refers to the foundational literacy skills, including word decoding, that are necessary for reading comprehension. Morphological Knowledge, Orthographic Processing, Phonological Processing, and understanding of Syntax all contribute to Reading Fluency. These skills are believed to reach their developmental peak during later elementary school and are not typically taught explicitly in middle and high school. Reading Fluency has been shown to predict reading comprehension in middle and high school. Those adolescents who have difficulty with Reading Fluency are likely to struggle with disciplinary content reading in one or more areas.
Three components are considered when assessing adolescent oral and silent Reading Fluency:
Advance graphic organizers link prior knowledge to upcoming learning to help students anticipate and understand the structure of new information.
When annotating, students engage deeply with a text and make their thinking visible while reading.
Audiobooks allow students to hear fluent reading and experience books above their reading skills.
When preparing for and debating with peers, students analyze, form, and express verbal arguments, fostering their critical thinking and literacy skills.
Research shows that, along with traditional reading comprehension strategies, students use unique strategies to read the non-linear, hyperlinked structure of online texts.
Interpreting and composing discipline-specific texts requires tailoring literacy strategies, like annotating or asking questions, to the disciplinary goals and practices.
Teaching students how to systematically evaluate sources prepares them to navigate in an increasingly complex, digital world.
Games help students practice their literacy skills in a fun, applied context.
Independent reading promotes literacy by emphasizing student choice with teacher support in selecting books, as well as setting the expectations that everyone is a reader.
Practicing until achieving several error-free attempts is critical for retention.
Providing multiple texts on the same topic or theme allows students to interact with multiple perspectives and develop their critical thinking skills.
Connecting information to music and dance moves enhances Short-term and Long-term Memory by drawing on auditory processes and the cognitive benefits of physical activity.
When students provide constructive feedback on each other's work, they learn to give relevant suggestions, receive specific ways to improve their writing, and engage in Metacognition.
Having students teach their knowledge, skills, and understanding to their classmates strengthens learning and increases Motivation.
Reading aloud to adolescents models Reading Fluency as texts become more complex and disciplinary in nature and therefore, more difficult to understand.
Teachers can provide individualized support through one-on-one conferences to assess reading comprehension, understanding of content, and spark further interest in reading.
When students explain to others, they deepen their understanding and gain confidence in their learning.
Students build their confidence, strategy use, and comprehension by reading and rereading multiple texts.
Having culturally relevant reading materials, including multicultural and diverse texts, are critical for supporting all students.
Providing access to a variety of multimodal texts that align with the interests of learners allows them to practice digital, information, and Critical Literacy.
Transforming written text into audio supports learning by activating different parts of a learner's brain for comprehension.
Providing visuals to introduce, support, or review instruction activates more cognitive processes to support learning.
Are you sure you want to delete this Workspace?
Enter the email address of the person you want to share with. This person will be granted access to this workspace and will be able to view and edit it.
Create a new Workspace for your product or project.
Make a copy of this workspace.
Item successfully added to workspace!
Issue adding item to workspace. Please refresh the page and try again.