Literacy 7-12

Systems Change
Literacy 7-12 > Strategies > Individual Deliberate Practice

Individual Deliberate Practice


Practicing until achieving several error-free attempts is critical for retention. When learners work independently to repeatedly recall and practice new material (retrieval practice), they become more fluent in the skill and are able to recall it with increasing automaticity. Engaging in independent practice after guided practice helps reduce the cognitive load and encourages Long-term Memory storage. Developing this fluency is crucial to establish knowledge and concepts that are the foundation for subsequent learning.

Use It in the Classroom

Watch how this sixth grade teacher uses the "I do, we do, you do" model to teach a social studies lesson. After she models reading the text using a think-aloud, she shares her goals for the students and describes the process of using this strategy. From 4:48, you can see how the students practice reading the disciplinary text and completing the graphic organizer activity individually., allowing the students to demonstrate their understanding.

  • Teachers can support student learning by interweaving (formally interleaving) reviews of older content and providing feedback to ensure accurate retention of material. Teachers should ensure adequate modelling and guided practice time to prevent frustration and increased errors when students are working independently.
  • Design It into Your Product

    Videos are chosen as examples of strategies in action. These choices are not endorsements of the products or evidence of use of research to develop the feature.

    Learn how Curriculet integrates individual practice to promote independent reading using a variety of fiction and non-fiction texts. By allowing teachers to scaffold student practice, readers receive support while reading. This product supports student autonomy in reading and allows them to practice Reading Fluency, Vocabulary, and Disciplinary Literacy..

  • A developer can support fluency by creating a series of short practice problems. Repeated practice of the new material supports greater Speed of Processing and consolidation of the skill in Long-term Memory. Programs can also include systems such as badges to track student independent practice.
  • Factors Supported by this Strategy