MODEL

Literacy 7-12

Systems Change
Literacy 7-12 > Strategies > Guided Practice

Guided Practice

Overview

Opportunities for students to practice skills in context, with teacher support and also independently, helps to move concepts and ideas into Long-term Memory. Through guided practice, learners rephrase, elaborate, summarize, recall, and question new content, leading to sufficient rehearsal for deeper learning. Breaking down content into smaller chunks and allowing reading and writing practice in between (formally spaced practice) help students learn about the topic as well as practice expressing their thinking.

Use It in the Classroom

Learn how this sixth grade teacher uses the "I do, we do, you do" model to teach reading comprehension. She first models a think-aloud, then allows students to practice this strategy in pairs, and finally lets them practice this on their own. By encouraging the students to take ownership of the content while providing structure and support, she helps them become better readers and writers.

  • Within the content areas, teachers can model different skills, including those which support content knowledge acquisition, and have students practice in small groups or independently. Teachers should be available to assist students during this process, ensuring honest and open feedback is provided to remedy mistakes. Teachers can also facilitate guided practice by asking questions that require learners to rehearse, process, and recall the new material. This practice bolsters students' Speed of Processing by supporting their abilities to retrieve stored information from their Long-term Memory.
  • Design It into Your Product

    Videos are chosen as examples of strategies in action. These choices are not endorsements of the products or evidence of use of research to develop the feature.

    Adaptive technologies can provide personalized guided practice for learners, helping a teacher support learners of all levels in the classroom. Watch an explanation of one such product, LearnSmart.

  • For new material to be internalized and stored in learners' Long-term Memory, developers must facilitate this rehearsal and recall process. For example, they can embed reflection questions and additional explanations or examples as learners practice and retrieve the material.