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Literacy 7-12

Systems Change

Factor Connections

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Inhibition, a component of executive functioning, is the ability to suppress attention to irrelevant input and to focus on pertinent stimuli or information. Students use these skills to successfully attend to lessons in the classroom and to filter out irrelevant information when reading and integrating information in texts. Inhibition is essential for Self-Regulation, allowing students to monitor and suppress inappropriate tendencies and behaviors. By helping students control both their focus and their behavior, Inhibition can support language, Composition, and Reading Fluency.

Main Ideas

Inhibition occurs at two levels:

  • The cognitive level, where Attention is focused on relevant information; and
  • The behavioral level, where responses are controlled.

While the executive functions Inhibition and Working Memory are very much related processes and show similar developmental trajectories in childhood, they become more distinct processes as the brain networks involved in these processes become more specialized during adolescence.

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