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Literacy 7-12

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Literacy 7-12 > Factors > Self-regulation

Self-regulation

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Self-regulation skills help students concentrate on learning. Self-regulation is the ability to alter and regulate our thoughts, behavioral responses, and emotions. By helping students control their thoughts and behaviors, Self-regulation is critical for growing as a reader and writer.

Main Ideas

Self-regulation includes altering behavioral responses and aligning them with standards, such as social expectations. Students who can successfully self-regulate their behaviors accomplish this by monitoring and suppressing any inappropriate actions or impulses.

Self-regulation can be broken down into three main components:

  • Cognitive regulation involves using Attention and executive functions (i.e., Working Memory, Inhibition, Cognitive Flexibility) to inhibit impulses and attend to tasks.
  • Behavioral regulation refers to the ability to control one's behavior in order to meet socially acceptable norms.
  • Emotion regulation (part of the Emotion factor) refers to the ability to manage and control emotional arousal in order to behave in a socially appropriate manner.

This type of self-discipline is one of the strongest predictors of academic outcomes in adolescents who typically face greater expectations for academic success and more intense, often self-directed, instruction types than in elementary school. Students with poor self-regulation skills are at greater risk for low academic achievement and emotional and conduct problems, all of which can lead to higher dropout rates in adolescence. However, students with strong Self-regulation skills are more likely to be able to overcome risk factors, like growing up in poverty, and become proficient readers.

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