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Phonological Processing is being able to rapidly detect and understand sounds in spoken and written words. These skills help students decode full words, a key step to developing strong spoken and written language abilities. In fact, the development of Phonological Processing and literacy skills is reciprocal: the development of one set of skills influences the development of the other.
Phonological Processing involves a variety of skills:
When peers are able to work together to plan, draft, edit, and revise their compositions, their writing quality improves.
Daily review strengthens previous learning and can lead to fluent recall.
Formal spelling instruction improves not only students' spelling skills but also their reading skills.
Increasing how much students write improves both their writing and their reading.
Games help students visualize how to connect one fact to another.
Spending time with new content helps move concepts and ideas into Long-term Memory.
Practicing until achieving several error-free attempts is critical for retention.
Rhyming, alliteration, and other sound devices reinforce language development by activating the mental processes that promote memory.
By talking through their thinking at each step of a process, teachers can model what learning looks like.
Instruction in multiple formats allows students to activate different cognitive skills to understand and remember the steps they are to take in their literacy work.
Connecting information to music and dance moves enhances Short-term and Long-term Memory by drawing on auditory processes and the cognitive benefits of physical activity.
Through one-on-one conferences, teachers can provide individual support to each student to deepen comprehension and interest in reading.
With figurative language and creative sentence structure, poetry supports the development of a deeper understanding of the different ways language makes meaning.
Having students verbally repeat information such as instructions ensures they have heard the information and supports remembering.
Web-based dictionaries and thesauruses can serve as visual and audio resources for students to expand their Vocabulary knowledge.
Research has shown that students write longer pieces with stronger quality when they use word processing software.
Word sorts are multisensory activities that help learners identify patterns and group words based on different categories.
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