Hover to see how factors connect to Phonological Awareness. Then click connected factors to explore strategies related to multiple factors.
Phonics teaches beginning readers to match letters and sound. Learning to detect and understand sounds in words leads to being able to Decode full words. A young student's Phonological Awareness is a powerful predictor of how well they will learn to read.
Phonological Awareness involves a variety of skills:
Phonemic Awareness is also a component of Phonological Awareness. Phonemic awareness is the ability to manipulate phonemes (speech sounds like /p/ or /b/), which are the smallest units of sounds in language.
Daily review strengthens previous learning and can lead to fluent recall.
With this interactive technique, teachers help students become storytellers by listening and questioning.
As students are learning to read, they benefit from explicit, systematic phonics instruction.
When students explain their thinking process aloud, they recognize the strategies they use and solidify their understanding.
Games help students visualize how to connect one fact to another.
In guided inquiry, teachers help students use their own language for constructing knowledge by active listening and questioning.
Spending time with new content helps move concepts and ideas into Long-term Memory.
Practicing until achieving several error-free attempts is critical for retention.
As students work with and process information by discussing, organizing, and sharing it together, they deepen their understanding.
Rhyming, alliteration, and other sound devices reinforce language development by activating the mental processes that promote memory.
Literacy centers with reading games, manipulatives, and activities support learner interests and promote the development of more complex reading skills and social interactions.
Providing physical representations of concepts helps activate mental processes.
By talking through their thinking at each step of a process, teachers can model what learning looks like.
Instruction in multiple formats allows students to activate different cognitive skills to understand and remember the steps they are to take in their reading work.
Connecting information to music and dance moves enhances Short-term and Long-term Memory by drawing on auditory processes and the cognitive benefits of physical activity.
A parent evening meeting about how to support literacy at home with one follow-up meeting with each family has shown strong results for students' reading development.
Reading aloud allows students to hear and practice reading and fluency skills.
Reading aloud books about skills children are learning provides another model for their development.
When students explain to others, they deepen their understanding and gain confidence in their learning.
With rhyming and creative word use, poetry is a genre that supports the development of early literacy skills in particular.
Having students verbally repeat information such as instructions ensures they have heard and supports remembering.
Web-based dictionaries and thesauruses can serve as visual and audio resources for students to expand their Vocabulary knowledge.
Word sorts are multisensory activities that help learners identify patterns and group words based on different categories.
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