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Reading PK-3 > Factors > Phonological Awareness

Phonological Awareness

Factor Connections

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How Phonological Awareness connects to...

Phonics teaches beginning readers to match letters and sound. Learning to detect and understand sounds in words leads to being able to Decode full words. A young student's Phonological Awareness is a powerful predictor of how well they will learn to read.

Main Ideas

Phonological Awareness involves a variety of skills:

  • Understanding whether two words begin and end with the same or different sounds;
  • Discriminating whether words rhyme with one another; and
  • Understanding how sounds can be manipulated to form new words.

Phonemic Awareness is also a component of Phonological Awareness. Phonemic awareness is the ability to manipulate phonemes (speech sounds like /p/ or /b/), which are the smallest units of sounds in language.

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