Literacy PK-3

Systems Change
Literacy PK-3 > Strategies > Reciprocal Teaching

Reciprocal Teaching


When students explain to others, they deepen their understanding and gain confidence in their learning. Through reciprocal teaching, learners practice guiding group discussions using four learning strategies: predicting, generating questions, clarifying, and summarizing.

Use It in the Classroom

Watch this Reading Rockets video of how elementary students use reciprocal teaching to dive deeply into a reading discussion. By facilitating a highly participatory discussion over a shared text, students focus their Attention on comprehending the text. Students also practice their Verbal Reasoning when using the four reciprocal teaching strategies.

  • Students engage Social Awareness & Relationship Skills and cooperatively construct meaning from texts when they share the role of the teacher or leader in a group discussion. The structured strategies of reciprocal teaching support cognitive skills development, such as Speed of Processing and Working Memory.
  • Design It into Your Product

  • Digital tools can provide more reciprocal teachers and learners for students beyond their classroom walls. Digital tools can also provide tools for helping students learn how to generate strong questions and to reflect on their experiences with reciprocal teaching.
  • Factors Supported by this Strategy