Literacy PK-3

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Literacy PK-3 > Factors > Morphological Awareness

Morphological Awareness

Factor Connections

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How Morphological Awareness connects to...

Morphemes are the parts of words that have their own meaning, such as prefixes (replay) and root words (replay). By understanding their meanings, students use these parts just like building blocks to produce and comprehend longer, more complex words.

Main Ideas

Morphemes are the smallest units of meaning in a language. These components are:

  • Root Words: The primary lexical unit of a word without a prefix or suffix (e.g. "play");
  • Prefixes: A morpheme placed in front of a root word to change it into another word (e.g. "replay");
  • Suffixes: A morpheme placed at the end of the word (e.g. "farmer"); and
  • Stress: Stress on one syllable over another can change the meaning of a word (e.g. "record" can be a noun or a verb depending on where the stress is placed).

Instruction in Morphological Awareness for young children also helps improve the development of Foundational Writing Skills as they begin to recognize patterns and understand conventional applications of different word stems.

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