Adult Learner

Systems Change
Adult Learner > Factors > Visual Processing

Visual Processing

Factor Connections

Hover to see how factors connect to Visual Processing. Then click connected factors to explore strategies related to multiple factors.

Visual Processing allows us to understand what we see. Visual Processing skills help learners recognize and order visual information, including symbols such as numbers and letters. Adults with dyslexia may demonstrate difficulties with the Visual Processing of words, stemming from problems with Phonological Awareness which can disrupt the process of attending to and decoding words.

Main Ideas

Difficulties with Visual Processing can occur even when a learner has good Vision. Visual Processing can impact adult learning in multiple ways:

  • Visual Discrimination is the ability to identify different visual stimuli. For reading, this helps us to distinguish between different letters.
  • Visual Sequencing is the ability to determine the order of images, words, or symbols.
  • Visual Spatial Processing is the ability to recognize the relation of objects in space to one another and to oneself. This is important for determining the arrangement of words, numbers, or shapes on a page.
  • Visual-Motor Integration refers to hand-eye coordination skills needed to physically write, type, and draw.

Overall Visual Processing, including the speed at which one processes visual stimuli, declines with age, with the sharpest drop occurring in the elderly over age 70. Research has shown that programs that promote cognitive and physical activity can help to mitigate the decline in Visual Processing.

Learn More

View Measures and References