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Reasoning is the cognitive ability that allows us to notice similarities and relationships across contexts. Reasoning skills help us create and justify arguments, generate inferences, and create figurative language -- core components of adolescent literacy skills.
Reasoning can help us to think abstractly about language and verbal concepts as well as non-verbal concepts, such as patterns.
Reasoning skills begin to emerge during the first years of life, develop rapidly during childhood, and are still becoming refined throughout adolescence. Reasoning can be used to help conceptualize more complex ideas, supporting learning across disciplines, but also is a key learning outcome, bolstered by Argumentative Reasoning and Inferencing.