Math PK-2

Spatial Skills

Factor Connections

Hover to see how Factors connect to Spatial Skills. Then click connected Factors to explore strategies related to multiple Factors.

How Spatial Skills connects to...

We use our Spatial Skills to mentally manipulate objects and numbers. These skills are foundational for later math learning, particularly the development of number sense, as visualizing and mentally manipulating numbers in space can be an effective way to solve math problems.

Main Ideas

There are three main Spatial Skills:

  • Spatial Perception: Perceiving and visually understanding spatial information (e.g., features, size, position);
  • Mental Rotation: Mentally representing and rotating 2D and 3D objects in space quickly and accurately; and
  • Spatial Visualization: Performing multistep manipulations of spatially presented information.

Learn More

  • Spatial Skills & Navigation: Subtopic that explores how the brain stores information about locations, shapes, and objects on Digital Promise's Research Map

View Measures and References