Math PK-2

Systems Change
Math PK-2 > Archived Strategies > Reciprocal Teaching: PALS


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Reciprocal Teaching: PALS


Students deepen their understanding and gain confidence in their learning when they explain to and receive feedback from others. Through Peer-Assisted Learning Strategies (PALS), a format of reciprocal teaching that research has shown to be effective for mathematical development, students work with a partner and take on the roles of coach and player to practice math skills.

Use It in the Classroom

Watch how these fifth graders use reciprocal teaching to solve word problems. By following the structured process, they discuss deeply their mathematical thinking, supporting increased Mathematical Flexibility and Language Skills.

  • Students engage their Social Awareness and Relationship Skills and collaboratively develop skills such as Estimation and Operations when they share the role of the coach and player. The structured strategies or stages of reciprocal teaching support cognitive skills development, such as Speed of Processing and Working Memory.
  • Design It into Your Product

  • Digital tools can provide more reciprocal teachers and learners for students beyond their classroom walls. Digital products can also provide tools for helping students learn how to generate strong questions and to reflect on their experiences with reciprocal teaching.
  • Factors Supported by this Strategy

    Numeracy and Mathematics
    Social and Emotional Learning
    Student Background