Math PK-2

Systems Change
Math PK-2 > Factors > Short-term Memory

Short-term Memory

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Short-term Memory stores a limited amount of information for a short time. It is our holding tank for skills and knowledge that, with practice, will move to Long-term Memory. Short-term Memory, particularly visuospatial ability explained below, has been shown to be associated with math performance. While research supports the role of Short-term Memory in math learning at all ages, it has been shown to be particularly helpful during these earlier years.

Main Ideas

There are two types of Short-term Memory:

  • Verbal Short-term Memory stores verbal information.
  • Visuospatial Short-term Memory stores information about our perceptions of spatial relationships.

Short-term Memory is different from Working Memory because information is not manipulated in Short-term Memory, as it is in Working Memory. When items in Short-term Memory are rehearsed sufficiently, they are consolidated to become part of Long-term Memory.

Learn More

  • Cognition & Memory: Topic that includes cognitive science theories about how the brain processes information on Digital Promise's Research Map

View Measures and References