Reading PK-3

Home Literacy Environment

Factor Connections

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How Home Literacy Environment connects to...

A student's Home Literacy Environment (HLE) is the environment parents and caregivers provide to help them gain early literacy skills. Children who develop early literacy skills before starting school by talking to and reading books with caregivers often learn to read in school more easily and quickly. Providing extra classroom supports and resources for families that strengthen the HLE can help create an equal foundation for all students.

Main Ideas

HLE is critical for growth in early literacy skills before a child enters kindergarten. HLE is multifaceted involving many aspects of literacy:

  • The availability of reading and writing materials in the home;
  • Time that parents and caregivers spend reading to their children;
  • The instruction parents and caregivers provide when their children are learning how to read and write;
  • Literacy skills of parents and caregivers; and
  • The value parents and caregivers place on literacy, such as whether they are avid readers themselves.

Learn More

  • Read the full annotated bibliography of our Home Literacy Environment research.
  • Family Resources & Relationships: Subtopic that explores research on the effects of parenting, SES, and stress on children's wellbeing and achievement on Digital Promise's Research Map
  • Parent Involvement: Subtopic that includes research on the connection between parent/family involvement and student achievement on Digital Promise's Research Map

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