Setting overall goals, as well as smaller goals as steps to reaching them, encourages consistent, achievable progress and helps students feel confident in their skills and abilities. When learners create reading-focused goals, plan out steps to achieve them, and check their progress against these steps, they strengthen their self-efficacy as they build their capacity to successfully tackle difficult challenges.
Teachers can support students by helping them create goals for future learning based on what they do well, what they are excited to learn, and their target areas, then help them monitor their progress towards these goals, developing Self-regulation. Learners feel more Motivation to tackle challenging reading assignments with the support of proximal and moderately challenging but attainable goals and micro-goals, since students are less skilled at thinking about a distant future until middle adolescence. For example, setting a goal of reading one chapter a night can help a student feel confident that they can read a longer book.
For a developer, incorporating milestones or goals that are realistic and pertinent can be highly motivating for learners. For their work to be relevant, learners must also have the opportunity and agency to set some goals personally. A potential framework to follow for giving learners this agency in setting meaningful, attainable goals is [WOOP]: Wish, Outcome, Obstacle, and Plan.
: https://characterlab.org/goal-setting### Use It in the Classroom
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