Digital Promise Signature Workspace
Megan Gross' Workspace on Dyslexia
Megan Gross, CA State Teacher of the Year 2017, selected the following evidence-based strategies you can weave into your classrooms to provide the support students with dyslexia need to meet their potential. Follow Megan on Twitter @MegNGross.
emotions, social supports & stereotype threat
Teachers can help students understand that learning involves effort, mistakes, and reflection by teaching them about their malleable brain and modeling their own learning process.
Students whose families are involved and feel valued within the school community are less likely to miss school, which research has shown can cause students to fall behind academically.
Overtly encouraging all students to seek support and ask questions creates a safe space for risk-taking and skill development.
Maintaining consistent routines, structures, and supports ensures that students are able to trust and predict what will happen next.
decoding, orthographic, phonological, and morphological processing
As students are learning to read, they benefit from explicit, systematic phonics instruction.
Through one-on-one conferences, teachers can provide individual support to each student to deepen comprehension and interest in reading.
Formal spelling instruction improves not only students' spelling skills but also their reading skills.
Instruction in multiple formats allows students to activate different cognitive skills to understand and remember the steps they are to take in their reading work.
memory & fluency
Audiobooks allow students to hear fluent reading and to experience books above their reading skills.
Dictation can allow students with transcription difficulties to still participate in the writing process and generate ideas.
Providing tools so learners can choose to listen to a text supports individual strengths and needs.
Games help students practice their literacy skills in a fun, applied context.
Numeracy and math communication
Having students teach their knowledge, skills, and understanding to their classmates strengthens learning.
When students have meaningful conversations about math and use math vocabulary, they develop the thinking, questioning, and explanation skills needed to master mathematical concepts.
Providing physical representations of numbers and math concepts helps activate mental processes.
CRA is a sequential instructional approach during which students move from working with concrete materials to creating representational drawings to using abstract symbols.