Digital Promise Signature Workspace

Megan Gross' Workspace on Dyslexia

Megan Gross, CA State Teacher of the Year 2017, selected the following evidence-based strategies you can weave into your classrooms to provide the support students with dyslexia need to meet their potential. Follow Megan on Twitter @MegNGross.

emotions, social supports & stereotype threat

Foster Growth Mindset

Literacy 4-6

Teachers can help students understand that learning involves effort, mistakes, and reflection by teaching them about their malleable brain and modeling their own learning process.

Family Engagement

Literacy PK-3

Students are more likely to come to school when families feel like a valued part of the community.

Encourage Student Self-advocacy

Math 7-9

Overtly encouraging all students to seek support and ask questions creates a safe space for risk-taking and skill development.

Predictability: Environment & Structure

Literacy 7-12

Maintaining consistent routines, structures, and supports ensures that students are able to trust and predict what will happen next.

decoding, orthographic, phonological, and morphological processing

Direct Instruction: Phonics

Literacy PK-3

As students are learning to read, they benefit from explicit, systematic phonics instruction.

Reading Conferences

Literacy 4-6

Through one-on-one conferences, teachers can provide individual support to each student to deepen comprehension and interest in reading.

Direct Instruction: Spelling

Literacy 4-6

Formal spelling instruction improves not only students' spelling skills but also their reading skills.

Multimodal Instruction

Literacy PK-3

Instruction in multiple formats allows students to activate different cognitive skills to understand and remember the steps they are to take in their reading work.

memory & fluency


Literacy PK-3

Audiobooks allow students to hear fluent reading and to experience books above their reading skills.


Literacy 4-6

Dictation can allow students with transcription difficulties to still participate in the writing process and generate ideas.

Text-to-speech Software

Literacy 4-6

Providing tools so learners can choose to listen to a text supports individual strengths and needs.


Literacy 7-12

Games help students practice their literacy skills in a fun, applied context.

Numeracy and math communication

Peer Teaching

Math 7-9

Having students teach their knowledge, skills, and understanding to their classmates strengthens learning.

Math Talks

Math 3-6

When students have meaningful conversations about math and use math vocabulary, they develop the thinking, questioning, and explanation skills needed to master mathematical concepts.

Multiple Representations: Manipulatives

Math PK-2

Providing physical representations of numbers and math concepts helps activate mental processes.

Concrete-Representational-Abstract (CRA)

Math 3-6

CRA is a sequential instructional approach during which students move from working with concrete materials to creating representational drawings to using abstract symbols.