Literacy 4-6



When students give themselves positive self-statements after reaching a goal, they acknowledge their progress and reward their small successes. Self-reinforcement, when combined with self-monitoring, can actively involve students in their learning, which boosts Motivation and Inhibition & Self-regulation. Encouraging students to evaluate their writing and self-reinforce when they meet or surpass their expectations fosters positive Emotion towards writing.

Use It in the Classroom

  • Teachers can work with students to set clear goals, criteria for meeting them, and appropriate reinforcers. While self-statements (e.g., "I met my goal of improving my introduction paragraph") are preferred and should be tried first, reinforcers can take many forms, including tangible items such as stickers or intangible motivators such as social activities or special privileges. Since every class is different, teachers can choose different types of reinforcers and even allow students to choose their own.
  • Design It into Your Product

  • Developers can gamify their products by building in several kinds of reinforcers that the students can choose and award themselves. Having choice for when and how they praise themselves helps students develop Metacognition, Motivation, and confidence.