During reading, giving students the opportunity to explain their thinking process aloud allows them to recognize the strategies they use, solidify their comprehension, and move knowledge into their Long-term Memory. This can be achieved through student think-alouds, or self-explanations, which require students to reflect on the details of text, the strategies needed to understand or write it, and build their Cognitive Flexibility as they shift between strategies and tasks. Research cautions that this strategy is most effective when students are prompted with specific protocols or questions, and that prompts should be carefully aligned with target learning outcomes so students avoid reinforcing incorrect approaches or choices.
Watch how this high school teacher asks students to think aloud in pairs to deepen their comprehension, question the text, and build Critical Literacy. With some prompting, students push their thinking and connect their reading to their broader learning.
Videos are chosen as examples of strategies in action. These choices are not endorsements of the products or evidence of use of research to develop the feature.
Learn how digital portfolios like VoiceThread allow students to record their thinking in response to images, media, or presentations.
Generating summary page