Literacy PK-3

Systems Change
Literacy PK-3 > Factors > Narrative Skills

Narrative Skills

Factor Connections

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Telling stories requires a complex set of Narrative Skills, from using vocabulary to organizing sentences in meaningful ways. The ability to create stories supports successful reading comprehension, allowing readers to apply their Narrative Skills to understanding the stories in what they read.

Main Ideas

Narrative Skills rely on elements of macrostructure and microstructure:

  • Macrostructure is the story's organization and inclusion of important story elements, such as setting, main character(s), an initiating event, internal plan, attempts to carry out the plan, outcome, and reaction of character(s).
  • Microstructure includes using correct Vocabulary and grammar.

Narrative Skills include the ability to use oral language to generate original stories and retellings. Using oral language for expository tasks, particularly when telling stories associated with original drawings, can support emergent writing in young children.

The development of strong Vocabulary and Syntax skills at a young age (~2 years old) can be a good predictor of Narrative Skills in kindergarten, and Narrative Skills in kindergarten are a good predictor of reading comprehension skills in later grades.

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