Math PK-2

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Math PK-2 > Strategies > Music & Dance

Music & Dance


Since both dance and music have patterns, rhythm and shapes, and are more familiar to learners than the abstract concepts of math, they can help in embodied learning of math concepts. Connecting information to music and dance enhances Short-term and Long-term Memory by drawing on auditory processes and the cognitive benefits of physical activity while clarifying Math concepts. Using music and dance to teach the "structure" of math before teaching the vocabulary and symbols of Math also works well developmentally. Culturally oriented attention-getting strategies can reflect communities with strong oral traditions.

Apply It to Your Learning Environment

  • Incorporate music and dance into math lessons either by integrating songs and dance sequences to teach math or having the learners actually make music or move to learn the math concepts.
  • When learners create their own songs and corresponding dance moves, they activate even more cognitive processes by reflecting on how to represent what they are learning.
  • Incorporating simple concepts such as counting, addition, patterning, sequencing, matching, and comparing while teaching song and dance can help learners see the patterns and relationships across concepts.
  • Using slides and videos to highlight shapes, or beats while incorporating dance and music, can further help reinforce the math concepts.
  • Being mindful of physical or hearing abilities and limitations is essential while including music and dance.
  • Several mixed-ability dance exercises can be used while incorporating any form of movement in a classroom to ensure that everyone can participate.

Watch how these preschool students perform a song and dance to practice Counting and Operations. Through repeated movement and rhythm, these students deepen their understanding of these concepts while also practicing their Language Skills.

Apply It to Product Development

  • Products can provide the tools for learners to create and record their own music videos demonstrating their content knowledge.
  • Products can include culturally and contextually relevant music or allow learners to select or connect to their preferred music.

Factors Supported by this Strategy

About this Strategy Content

The research review for this strategy was conducted by the LVP team. Application, examples, and resources were sourced with support from our Practitioner Advisory Board.