Culturally Responsive Math Teaching: Equity

This workspace focuses on equity and includes some of the key factors and strategies that can contribute to a culturally responsive mathematics classroom. This workspace focuses on 3 dimensions of equity: culture, language, and power/participation (Aguirre & Zavala, 2013).

strategies that support cultural funds of knowledge

Rich Resources: Diversity

Math PK-2

Selecting culturally responsive materials, including multicultural and diverse resources, is critical for supporting all students.

Family Engagement

Math PK-2

Students whose families are involved and feel valued within the school community are less likely to miss school, which research has shown can cause students to fall behind academically.

Incorporate Students' Cultural Practices

Math 3-6

Learning about students' cultures and connecting them to instructional practices helps foster a sense of belonging and mitigate Stereotype Threat.

Student-generated Problems

Math 3-6

When students create their own number and word problems, they connect math concepts to their background knowledge and lived experiences.

Student Choice

Math 7-10

Providing students a voice in their learning is critical for making learning meaningful.

Real-world Math

Math 7-10

When teachers connect math to the students' world, students see how math is relevant and applicable to their daily lives.

strategies that support power & participation

Model Positive Connections to Math

Math PK-2

Teachers sharing math-to-self, math-to-math, and math-to-world connections models this schema building.

Building Trusting Relationships

Math PK-2

Building positive and trusting relationships with learners allows them to feel safe; a sense of belonging; and that their academic, cognitive, and social and emotional needs are supported.

Foster Growth Mindset

Math 3-6

Teachers can help students understand that learning involves effort, mistakes, and reflection by teaching them about their malleable brain and modeling their own learning process.

Goal Setting & Monitoring

Math 3-6

Setting overall goals, as well as smaller goals as steps to reaching them, encourages consistent, achievable progress and helps students feel confident in their skills and abilities.

Collaborative Problem Solving

Math 3-6

As students solve problems in a group, they learn new strategies and practice communicating their mathematical thinking.

Flipped Classroom

Math 7-10

The flipped classroom has two parts: cooperative group activities in class and digitally-based individual instruction out of class.

Encourage Student Self-advocacy

Math 7-10

Overtly encouraging all students to seek support and ask questions creates a safe space for risk-taking and skill development.

Reciprocal Teaching

Math 7-10

Students deepen their understanding and gain confidence in their learning when they explain to and receive feedback from others.

strategies that support language

Math Songs

Math PK-2

Rhyming, alliteration, and other sound devices reinforce math skills development by activating the mental processes that promote memory.

Sentence Frames

Math 3-6

Sentence frames or stems can serve as language support to enrich students' participation in academic discussions.

Math Talks

Math 7-10

When students have meaningful discussions about math and use math vocabulary, they develop the thinking, questioning, and explanation skills needed to master mathematical concepts.

Gestures

Math PK-2

Adding motions to complement learning activates more cognitive processes for recall and understanding.

Accessible Vocabulary & Syntax

Math 3-6

Teachers support language development by using and providing vocabulary and syntax that is appropriately leveled (e.g., using simple sentences when introducing complex concepts).

Wait Time

Math 7-10

Wait time, or think time, of three or more seconds after posing a question increases how many students volunteer and the length and accuracy of their responses.

factors related to equity

Math PK-2

Safety is being and feeling physically and psychologically secure at home, at school, and within our neighborhood and larger community.

Math PK-2

Learning is powerful when it is social—when we learn with and from each other.

Math PK-2

Social Supports are the perception and presence of a support network available to help if needed.

Math PK-2

Motivation is the desire and energy that guides behavior.

Math PK-2

A student's Home Learning Environment is the environment parents and caregivers provide to help learners gain early academic skills.

Math PK-2

Socioeconomic Status (SES) refers to a combination of factors, including education and income of a family compared to other families.

Math PK-2

In our society, there are many stereotypes that exist about the academic abilities of learners based on characteristics such as their race, gender, disability, and socioeconomic status.

Math PK-2

The trauma that comes from experiencing adversity in childhood releases stress hormones that can lead to changes in the body and brain.

Math 3-6

The trauma that comes from experiencing adversity in childhood releases stress hormones that can lead to changes in the body and brain.

Math 3-6

Social Supports are the perception and presence of a support network available to help a student if needed.

Math 3-6

Motivation is the desire and energy that guides behavior.

Math 3-6

Math Mindset includes learners' self-concept and self-efficacy beliefs as well as their mindset toward failure, all of which shape their willingness to get involved with mathematics.

Math 3-6

A student's Math Learning Environment encompasses the opportunities provided by their home, school, and community that contribute to their development of math knowledge and skills.

Math 3-6

Socioeconomic Status (SES) refers to a combination of factors, including a family's education and income compared to other families.

Math 3-6

In our society, there are many stereotypes that exist about the academic abilities of learners based on characteristics such as their race, gender, disability, and socioeconomic status.

Math 7-10

The trauma that comes from experiencing adversity in childhood releases stress hormones that can lead to changes in the body and brain.

Math 7-10

A student's Math Learning Environment encompasses the opportunities provided by their home, school, and community that contribute to their development of math knowledge and skills.

Math 7-10

Social Supports are the perception and presence of a support network available to help a student if needed.

Math 7-10

Math Mindset includes learners' self-concept and self-efficacy beliefs as well as their mindset toward failure, all of which shape their willingness to get involved with mathematics.

Math 7-10

A Sense of Belonging allows us to feel included, respected, and supported in school.