Math PK-2

Individual Deliberate Practice


Practicing until achieving several error-free attempts is critical for retention. While this may seem like an old idea, research confirms that working many practice problems really is an important part of learning math. When learners work independently to repeatedly recall and practice (retrieval practice) new material, they become fluent in the skill and are able to recall it automatically.

Use It in the Classroom

  • Independent practice after guided practice encourages Long-term Memory storage. Developing this fluency is crucial for knowledge and concepts that are the foundation for subsequent learning. Teachers can support student learning by interweaving reviews of older content and providing feedback to ensure proper retention of accurate material.
  • Design It into Your Product

    Videos are chosen as examples of strategies in action. These choices are not endorsements of the products or evidence of use of research to develop the feature.

    Learn how Reflex integrates individual practice to promote math fact fluency. As learners practice personalized math facts in a fun, game environment, they are highly engaged in mastering their targeted Operations skills and Arithmetic Fact Retrieval.

  • Edtech products are particularly powerful for practice work. Mindlessly filling out worksheets is too often what actually happens and is not beneficial. A developer can support fluency by creating adaptive practice problem series. Repeated practice of the new material also supports greater Speed of Processing.
  • Factors Supported by this Strategy