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Reading PK-3 > Factors > Morphological Awareness

Morphological Awareness

Factor Connections

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How Morphological Awareness connects to...

Morphemes are the parts of words that have their own meaning, such as prefixes (replay) and root words (re_play_). By understanding their meanings, students use these parts just like building blocks to produce and comprehend longer, more complex words.

Main Ideas

Morphemes are the smallest units of meaning in a language. These components are:

  • Root Words: The primary lexical unit of a word without a prefix or suffix (e.g. "play");
  • Prefixes: A morpheme placed in front of a root word to change it into another word (e.g. "replay");
  • Suffixes: A morpheme placed at the end of the word (e.g. "farm_er_"); and
  • Stress: Stress on one syllable over another can change the meaning of a word (e.g. "record" can be a noun or a verb depending on where the stress is placed).

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