MODEL

Adult Learner

Systems Change

Overview

Debriefing is the intentional discussion immediately following a learning experience which is especially important after simulation-based learning. Debriefing allows participants to gain a clear understanding of their thought processes and actions promoting Metacognition and Long-term Memory. It also allows instructors and learners to share their mental models and foster Reasoning behind their clinical judgment.

Use It In Your Learning Environment

Debriefing is a skill that requires time and practice while being most successful when
may involve the use of a specific protocol, or it can be an open discussion focusing on actions, decisions, or reasoning.

Technology can support debate for learners in various online settings. Online platforms can incorporate typical debate components, such as presenting claims and offering rebuttals, into message boards that allow for interaction between learners. Developers can use debate simulations to encourage students to practice these skills individually, which can be particularly effective for those who struggle to speak up in groups. Programs should also include collaborative features like marking the relevance of the argument or asking for clarification, so learners can learn to improve their arguments through evaluation.

Resources

Below are additional examples, research, and professional development. These resources are possible representations of this strategy, not endorsements.

Factors Supported by this Strategy

Learner Background
Social and Emotional Learning
Cognition
Adult Literacies