MODEL

Adult Learner

Systems Change
Adult Learner > Strategies > Explaining Their Thinking

Explaining Their Thinking

Overview

Giving learners the opportunity to explain their thinking process aloud helps them to solidify their comprehension, and move knowledge into their Long-term Memory. This can be achieved through learner think-alouds, or self-explanations, which require individuals to reflect on new information. When learning and practicing Numeracy skills, these strategies can be highly effective as they allow learners to reflect upon the process. Explaining their thinking can also boost Foundational Reading skills, reinforcing details of a text and the strategies needed to understand or write it. Explaining their thinking can be especially helpful for those learners with lower levels of Background Knowledge as these processes help encourage more involved interaction with a variety of texts and resources. Research cautions that this strategy is most effective when students are prompted with specific protocols or questions, and that prompts should be carefully aligned with targeted learning outcomes so students avoid reinforcing incorrect approaches or choices.

Use It In Your Learning Environment

Instructors can model think-alouds to help learners become familiar with the pract