Analyzing errors is especially beneficial in helping learners develop a Learner Mindset and critical thinking skills, which are a component of Problem Solving. Studying their own errors can help learners see when they have used incorrect strategies or procedures, which is particularly important in strengthening Numeracy and supporting English language learners. Error analysis can also help learners identify their misconceptions, build accurate understanding, and support Long-term Memory.
The impact of error analysis changes as adults age and immediate feedback is essential for correcting both memory and Metacognitive errors. Errors made in supportive, conceptually relevant learning paradigms can be effectively overwritten by older adults. High-confidence errors are more likely to be corrected after feedback than are low-confidence errors. Feedback following higher confidence errors captures Attention more readily while feedback doubled the retention of correct low-confidence responses.
When implementing error analysis, it is important to note that negative Emotions may be elicited in some adults based on Adverse Experiences or low emotional stability. There is also a direct, negative association between fear and learning from errors, so providing additional support such as building trusting relationships in the learning environment and emphasizing growth mindset feedback is beneficial. Adult learners can be sensitive to errors being identified, so the process is most beneficial when it is facilitative rather than authoritative. Providing employees with growth mindset training can help them develop a positive and constructive view of errors as learning opportunities. The greater the Motivation, the more likely it is that adults will learn from errors.
Edtech products can build in scaffolded feedback to take advantage of the benefits of retrieval practice by providing incremental hints until the correct answer can be self-generated. Scaffolded feedback supports Long-term Memory and can mitigate the effects of negative emotions.
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