Digital Promise Signature Workspace

Supporting Deaf Students' Reading Skills

It is important to recognize the impact that hearing loss can have on learning, and accommodate each student’s communication preferences when developing reading skills.

Factors highly related to reading skill

Literacy PK-3

We typically learn many early reading concepts through what we hear, but also what we can touch, see, and manipulate.

Literacy PK-3

A student's Home Literacy Environment (HLE) is the environment parents and caregivers provide to help learners gain early literacy skills.

Literacy PK-3

Phonics teaches beginning readers to match letters and sound.

Literacy PK-3

Syntax skills help us understand how sentences work—the meanings behind word order, structure, and punctuation.

Literacy PK-3

Helping students build their Vocabulary helps them understand what they are reading.

Instruction strategies

Direct Instruction: Vocabulary

Literacy PK-3

Seeing and using new words repeatedly and in many contexts is critical for Vocabulary acquisition.

Multimodal Instruction
Literacy PK-3

Instruction in multiple formats allows students to activate different cognitive skills to understand and remember the steps they are to take in their reading work.

Pictures & Visuals

Literacy PK-3

Visuals help students recognize relationships within words and sentences to develop reading skills.

Word Walls
Literacy PK-3

A word wall helps build Vocabulary for reading fluidity.

Gestures
Literacy PK-3

Adding motions to complement learning activates more cognitive processes for recall and understanding.

Building Trusting Relationships

Literacy PK-3

Building positive and trusting relationships with learners allows them to feel safe; a sense of belonging; and that their academic, cognitive, and social and emotional needs are supported.

Interactive strategies

Music & Dance

Literacy PK-3

Connecting information to music and dance moves enhances Short-term and Long-term Memory by drawing on auditory processes and the cognitive benefits of physical activity.

Manipulatives

Literacy PK-3

Providing physical representations of concepts helps activate mental processes.

Gallery Walk
Literacy PK-3

As students walk through stations working in small groups, the social and physical nature of the learning supports deeper understanding.

Think-Pair-Share
Literacy PK-3

Students develop reading skills by listening to and speaking with others in informal ways.

Games

Literacy PK-3

Games help students visualize how to connect one fact to another.

Jigsaw

Literacy PK-3

As students work with and process information by discussing, organizing, and sharing it together, they deepen their understanding.

Structured Strategies

Mnemonic Device
Literacy PK-3

Creating patterns for remembering classroom processes, narrative structures, etc.

Literacy Centers

Literacy PK-3

Literacy centers with reading games, manipulatives, and activities support learner interests and promote the development of more complex reading skills and social interactions.

Story Map

Literacy PK-3

Providing a story map ahead of time or having students create a map during or after reading helps learners understand and practice narrative skills.

Graphic Organizer
Literacy PK-3

Visualizing how ideas fit together helps students construct meaning and strengthen recall.