Adult Learner

Systems Change
Adult Learner > Strategies > Pairing Non-examples with Examples

Pairing Non-examples with Examples


Pairing non-examples with examples helps learners compare and contrast to deepen understanding at both the concept and skill levels. Providing examples is helpful in understanding processes, but non-examples provoke deeper Reasoning, Problem Solving, Cognitive Flexibility, and Metacognition while supporting Long-term Memory.

Use It In Your Learning Environment

Examples provide similarity while non-examples provide contrast. It is the contrasting thoughts that often lead to deeper understanding and can support conceptual change which is necessary to develop a Learner Mindset.

While providing examples and non-examples aligns with cognitive instructional approaches, active learning, Metacognition, and Cognitive Flexibility can be intentionally supported by inviting the learners to generate their own non-examples and justify their Reasoning.

Models such as the Frayer Model have been found to be highly effective in helping learners identify examples and non-examples and are particularly supportive of Primary Language when used for skill and role specific vocabulary. It has also been found to support aspects of Digital Literacy, such as separating real from fake news.

Factors Supported by this Strategy