When teachers provide explicit instruction in comprehension strategies and model when to use them, students learn how to flexibly apply them to make meaning of texts. By focusing on an individual strategy then combining strategies, teachers can help students know when and how to use different strategies to deepen reading comprehension.
Watch as this teacher uses a think-aloud to introduce the strategy of finding the main idea. First, she briefly models what she wants students to do, and then students apply the strategy in pairs. After adjusting her instruction based on observation, she has students practice this strategy independently.