Literacy 4-6

Systems Change
Literacy 4-6 > Strategies > Reciprocal Teaching: PALS

Reciprocal Teaching: PALS


When students explain to others, they deepen their understanding and gain confidence in their learning. Through Peer-Assisted Learning Strategies (PALS), learners alternate in reading and sharing their thoughts with a partner by taking on the roles of a coach and player. Students provide feedback and receive immediate feedback from their peers, which can increase their Verbal Reasoning and comprehension of a text.

Use It in the Classroom

Watch two upper elementary school students practice part of a prediction relay. By stopping halfway through the page, students have the opportunity to make predictions, check the accuracy of their predictions, and switch roles. Using this structure requires both students to maintain their Attention and practice Inhibition & Self-regulation while listening.

  • PALS can be especially useful for targeting specific reading skills, such as making predictions through a prediction relay. Students each read a paragraph and then predict what will happen next, which helps develop reading comprehension and expand their Vocabulary. Giving learners a chance to share their thoughts with one another increases Motivation, and peer-to-peer interactions also provide opportunities to practice Social Awareness & Relationship Skills.
  • Design It into Your Product

  • Product designers can provide the digital space and tools for learners to quickly check in or share their ideas while reading. Facilitating conversations between learners about texts increases retention of content in Long-term Memory and also develops Speed of Processing.
  • Factors Supported by this Strategy